R v E | E was one of three defendants charged with a double murder of rival drug gang members in a county lines execution. After a lengthy trial, all defendants were convicted of murder.
R v F | F (who had a large number of previous convictions for football violence, was one of thirty defendants caught on CCTV fighting in the street around a pub in Cardiff. F was seen getting off an Aston Villa supporters’ bus and charging with a large gang of compatriots at Cardiff fans outside the pub. All were charged with violent disorder. Everyone was convicted except F. His defence was that he was a peacemaker, and the jury found him not guilty.
R v H | H was charged with attempted murder after allegedly shooting a man in the face at point-blank range. He accepted being part of an attack on a rival drug gang but denied the shooting. After a lengthy trial, he was found not guilty.
R v A | A was accused of causing serious injury whilst driving dangerously. After the trial, he was found not guilty by the jury.
R v G | G was one of twenty men charged concerning conspiracies to supply class A and class B drugs. After a lengthy trial, the jury either convicted every defendant or couldn’t agree on verdicts concerning some counts. Except for G. He was found not guilty on all counts.
R v R | R was one of several defendants charged with shooting a drug dealer from a rival gang and chopping another up with a machete. He had been extradited from Spain on a European arrest warrant. After a lengthy trial, R was acquitted on all counts. Before his release, he was arrested on other matters. I argued that the police had no authority to arrest him according to international law and prepared advice for my solicitors. The net result was that R was released, and the police could not charge or remand him in custody.
R v E | E was alleged to be the leader of an organised crime gang responsible for the supply of millions of pounds of class A and B drugs throughout South Wales. After several weeks of a complex trial, the prosecution accepted that E wasn’t a leader but a broker who put people who wanted to buy drugs together with drug dealers. A guilty plea was entered on that basis. E not only received a prison sentence of less than half he had been facing, but he also faced minimal confiscation proceedings instead of the several million the prosecution had initially claimed.
R v R | R was accused, along with two others, of murdering a man who, as part of a gang, attacked his premises on a raid on a cannabis grow. R shot two men dead with a crossbow. The incident was captured on R’s own CCTV, and after a lengthy trial, R and both of his accomplices were convicted of murder.
R v A | A was charged with terrorism. Several weeks into the trial, the jury had to be discharged.
R v K | K was one of five defendants charged with conspiracy to supply class A and class B drugs. If convicted, he faced spending over twenty years in prison. After protracted negotiations with the prosecution, they agreed to drop the class A matters and accept a count of acting alone and not in a conspiracy to supply a relatively small amount of cannabis. K pleaded guilty to that count and received a suspended sentence.
R v K | K was charged with murder and GBH by stabbing. He offered to plead guilty to manslaughter on condition the prosecution dropped the murder and GBH counts. They refused, and K had a trial. He was found not guilty of murder and GBH.
R v F | F was charged with being involved in a substantial conspiracy to supply cocaine. The trial involved twelve defendants, and the evidence was based substantially upon telephone conversations between him and two of his co-defendants, one of whom pleaded guilty to conspiracy. After an eight-week trial, the jury convicted the other person he was in telephone contact with. F was found not guilty.
R v M | M was charged with causing death by careless driving. After submitting no case to answer, he was found not guilty after the prosecution case.
R v S | S was the fourth defendant of seven charged with a giant smuggling conspiracy involving cigarettes, cannabis, cocaine, and heroin. The trial collapsed after five months, and a second trial lasted two months. S was cleared of the heroin, cocaine, and cannabis importation but convicted of smuggling cigarettes.
R v M | M was charged with causing death by dangerous driving and faced a substantial prison sentence. A plea, on an acceptable basis, was negotiated with the prosecution for causing death by careless driving in the lowest category of culpability, and M escaped a prison sentence.
R v K | K was charged with the attempted murder of a man. K was found by the police trying to bury the man in his back garden, having reportedly cut his throat. He was acquitted after the prosecution acceded to my submission that there was no evidence that K was responsible.
R v W | W was charged with being involved in an armed robbery where several hundreds of thousands of pounds worth of jewellery was stolen. He was positively identified as one of the men responsible during an ID parade. However, after my submission that the parade had been unfairly conducted, the prosecution offered no evidence, and W was found not guilty.
R v B | B was caught with 14 kilograms of heroin and pleaded guilty on the basis that he was a courier, being paid a few hundred pounds for delivering it. He pleaded guilty on that basis and received a sentence of four years imprisonment. The prosecution appealed this as unduly lenient but lost the appeal. At the confiscation proceedings, the prosecution alleged the benefit figure was over a million pounds (i.e., the value of the heroin) and that the defendant owned an extensive property portfolio that should be confiscated as realisable assets. Gary Bell argued that the benefit figure should be limited to the few hundred pounds B had been paid as a courier and not the total one million pounds plus the value of the heroin. The judge accepted this after a full argument, and an order for confiscation concerning the 14 kilograms of heroin was made for £200. The prosecution appealed this decision, but the Court of Appeal rejected their appeal.
R v C | C was one of twelve defendants charged with being involved in a large-scale violent disorder, which culminated in somebody being stabbed. Three police officers alleged C attacked and tried to kill them with two machetes. After a three-month trial, the jury could not reach a verdict, and there was a re-trial, also lasting three months. The jury was again unable to reach a verdict against C. The prosecution offered no evidence against him, and not guilty verdicts were entered.
R v C | A large-scale drug conspiracy where C was the first defendant of 11 alleged to have been involved in the wholesale supply of heroin across the country. C was the main focus of the six-month investigation, where two undercover police officers lived as a pretend man and wife in C’s community. The operation resulted in twenty-eight arrests. Most defendants pleaded guilty in the face of overwhelming evidence, but six stood trial. After a three-month trial, the jury convicted all defendants but couldn’t agree on a verdict for C. He was tried again on his own and, after a two-month trial, acquitted unanimously by the jury.
R v N | N was the first of eleven defendants facing a conspiracy to dump millions of mail items, having been paid to deliver them. She was also charged with bribing a co-defendant to take the blame. She was advised to plead guilty on a limited basis, involving no admission that she dumped mail or bribed the co-defendant, and received a short prison sentence. As part of the plea bargain, it was agreed that there would be no confiscation proceedings, and no costs would be applied.
FRAUD AND FINANCIAL CRIME
R v R | R was one of many defendants charged with conspiracy to defraud investors out of tens of millions of pounds by running a Ponzi fraud. R was the company accountant. After a ten-month trial, R was found not guilty by the jury. All the other defendants were found guilty.
R v S | S was one of several defendants charged with a £80 million fraud against the Post Office. Despite S being the director of several companies used in the fraud, the prosecution, after the jury had been sworn and having heard arguments from the defence, accepted S was innocent, and the judge directed the jury to return not guilty verdicts.
R v M | M was charged with several others with conspiracy to evade VAT on the importation of millions of pounds worth of alcohol and more serious fraud charged in creating an MTIC fraud to account for the VAT fraud. M was convicted (along with all other defendants) of the VAT fraud; whilst all other defendants were convicted of the MTIC fraud, M was found not guilty.
R v B | B was a solicitor charged with two police officers with conspiring to defraud a vulnerable adult out of her inheritance. The two co-defendants were both found guilty after a lengthy trial. B was found not guilty.
R v B | B was the second defendant in a multi-handed billion-pound conspiracy. He was tried alongside five co-defendants, and after a four-month trial, everyone (except an independent accountant) was convicted.
R v S | S was charged with fraudulently conspiring with another to obtain government contracts. His co-defendant pleaded guilty, but S had a trial. S was found not guilty by a jury, and the co-defendant who had admitted conspiring with S was sentenced alone.
R v K | K was charged with defrauding HMRC of a million pounds. After a lengthy trial, he was convicted and sentenced to five years.
R v R | R was a company charged by trading standards with a litany of offences alleging they had traded corruptly and unfairly. After a fully contested trial, they were acquitted of six serious charges, including two counts of fraud, and convicted of a technical offence relating to an employee inadvertently using outdated old contracts. This offence attracted a small fine.
R v M | M was charged with counts of fraudulent trading and false accounting as the third defendant of 6 on a currency fraud running into tens of millions of pounds. He had admitted the false accounting in the interview, but after a trial lasting three months, he was found not guilty of fraudulent trading. The jury found the other defendants charged with fraudulent trading guilty.
R v K | K was allegedly a significant player in an eighty-million-pound revenue fraud. The evidence against him was overwhelming, and a plea on a minimal basis was negotiated with the prosecution, resulting in K serving a prison sentence of fewer than four years with no confiscation proceedings.
R v N | N was tried along with six other defendants on a conspiracy to launder ten million pounds and send it to China. She had opened up two bank accounts and a foreign exchange account through which over two million pounds was laundered. After a six-week trial, she was found not guilty by the jury. Five of the other six defendants were convicted.
R v K | Acted for the first defendant of 6 who had pleaded guilty in the face of overwhelming evidence to mastermind a tax fraud of over seven million pounds. As part of the confiscation proceedings, the prosecution claimed that he had hidden the money, which should be confiscated as a hidden asset. The confiscation proceedings were highly complicated and took over three years to litigate. The sticking point between prosecution and defence was the whereabouts of three-quarters of a million pounds, which had been withdrawn from banks in cash and disappeared – thus becoming a hidden asset of K. At the confiscation proceedings, it was shown that K had accounted for his income and expenditure. The court concluded that K had no hidden assets. The prosecution attempted to confiscate seven million pounds. The final order was £300,000.
R v F | F, the first defendant, had pleaded guilty to a conspiracy to defraud financial institutions of a considerable amount of money through his company. He had made full admissions in the interview. His benefit was found to be a hundred and thirty million pounds. The confiscation proceedings were fully contested and included issues regarding his wife’s inheritance status and preferential shares to the value of millions of pounds redeemed by his brothers on F’s authority after he knew that his company was trading insolvent. On both contested issues in the confiscation proceedings, F was successful, and the result was an order against the defendant of only a hundred and fifty thousand pounds.
R v W | W was allegedly involved in a conspiracy to commit mortgage fraud with eighteen co-defendants and a total value of several million pounds. She was also charged with perverting the course of justice. There was overwhelming evidence that she was guilty of perverting the course of justice, and a guilty plea to that count was negotiated on a minimal basis and on condition that the mortgage fraud conspiracy would be dropped against her. There would be no confiscation proceedings against her and no application for costs. For the perverting the course of justice count, she received a non-custodial sentence.
R v Y | Acted for a defendant involved in a large-scale conspiracy to defraud investors in internet companies with five other defendants. It was submitted that there was no evidence of dishonesty against Y. These submissions were successful, and not-guilty verdicts were entered.
R v T | Acted for a solicitor charged with a five-million-pound intellectual property fraud. T was alleged to have fraudulently set up shadow companies to transfer millions of pounds worth of assets belonging to an Australian businessman who was ignorant of the transfers. The Australian businessman was the prosecution’s main witness. Disks were served alongside the case papers as unused material containing tens of thousands of pages. After a thorough analysis of the unused material – none of which had been read by the prosecution, I drafted a skeleton argument which, with attached exhibits, ran to over a hundred pages. The skeleton alleged that the exhibits proved the Australian businessman knew about the transfers and had sanctioned them. It was therefore submitted that relying on his evidence would be an abuse of process. The prosecution agreed with the submission shortly after they received it and offered no evidence against T. Not guilty verdicts were then returned.
R v D | D was a financial broker charged with masterminding and financing a conspiracy to commit mortgage fraud to the value of several million pounds. The case included a large number of buyers and sellers of property, but none of the large number of solicitors who had sanctioned and used the scheme had been charged. A legal submission was made that it would be an abuse of process to try D without charging and putting a large number of solicitors on trial. The judge ordered the prosecution to draft a response justifying their approach and stating in detail their case against D. They failed to lodge a response, and not-guilty verdicts were entered for D.
R v T | T was charged with conspiracy to launder a large amount of money, which was alleged to have been the proceeds of drug trafficking. A minimal basis of plea was negotiated concerning only a small amount of money, which resulted in her not going to prison and facing no confiscation proceedings nor any application for costs.
R v M | M was convicted after a trial, along with all of the other defendants, of being involved in multi-million-pound mortgage fraud. At the confiscation proceedings, the benefit figure for M was over £3 million, and M had precious few assets other than the mortgage-free family home. It was submitted that it would be unjust to confiscate the house as it was a mortgage-free asset his wife had brought to the marriage. The prosecution accepted this submission, and M and his wife could keep their home.
R v P | A multi-million-pound boiler room fraud involving over 100,000 pages of evidence and five defendants. Shortly before the trial, the defendant absconded and was tried in his absence. P allegedly ran a boiler room in Spain, selling worthless shares to hapless investors for millions of pounds. Two other defendants in the trial allegedly ran boiler rooms in Spain. After a three-month trial, the jury convicted the other two defendants, but P was found not guilty.
R v H | H was charged as part of a large-scale conspiracy to defraud the revenue. He was acquitted after a legal submission. He also stood trial with four other defendants for a related attempted murder. The jury found the other four defendants guilty, but H was acquitted after an 8-week trial.
R v B | B was charged with being involved in sizeable multi-handed mortgage fraud. After submissions were made to the prosecution, they offered no evidence, and a not-guilty verdict was returned.
R v W | W was charged as being involved as part of a conspiracy to commit a Ponzi fraud, defrauding investors of a total of twenty-six million pounds by marketing a scheme to turn rock into gold. There was compelling evidence of his guilt, and he was advised to plead guilty. A minimal basis of plea was negotiated with the prosecution based on W’s knowledge that the investment scheme was fraudulent very late in the day. Other defendants had a trial and were convicted by the jury. W was the only defendant of eight to receive a non-custodial sentence. His confiscation proceedings were limited to thirty thousand pounds.
R v K | Acted for the first defendant of two in an £11 million MTIC fraud at the Southwark Crown Court. The case was prepared for trial, but the co-defendant then pleaded guilty and gave a statement in preparation for giving Queen’s evidence against K. A guilty plea by K was then negotiated on a minimal basis, which included no costs and no confiscation proceedings, despite the fact he had the stolen £11 million sitting in his bank account and a mortgage-free house worth £3 million.
R v A | A major long-firm fraud involving seven defendants accused of receiving millions of pounds from hapless suppliers. The case was listed for trial, but six defendants pleaded guilty on the day of trial, leaving A to stand trial alone. A submission of no case to answer was made and acceded to by the prosecution, and A was found not guilty.
R v T | An accountant alleged to be part of a conspiracy with six other defendants to commit tax fraud. T’s role was the alleged preparation and submission of fraudulent accounts for a firm of solicitors. T was acquitted after legal submission that not to charge a seventh co-defendant amounted to an abuse of process.
R v G | A car trader accused of being involved in an importation tax fraud conspiracy with ten other defendants by importing cars for pretended supply to disabled customers (which are VAT free) and thus defrauding the revenue of millions of pounds. Amongst a large amount of unused material served was documentation that showed that other parties to the conspiracy had been granted immunity from prosecution in return for COP 9 admissions and repayment of the tax owed. It was submitted that, in the circumstances, trying G was an abuse of process. The prosecution accepted this submission, and no evidence was offered against G.
R v K | K was charged with a conspiracy to defraud the revenue of over a million pounds through a VAT carousel fraud via Poland. Disclosure requests were made asking for material the prosecution was unwilling to disclose. An application for the material was listed before the court, and rather than disclose the material, the prosecution offered no evidence against K.
R v M | M was found to have benefited from fraud to the tune of six million three hundred thousand pounds. He faced confiscation proceedings where the prosecution alleged he had hidden the entire amount. Gary Bell was brought in at that stage to deal with the confiscation proceedings. After a detailed audit, which took two years to complete, every penny was accounted for, and no order was made against the defendant for any of the sums mentioned above.
R v S | S had pleaded guilty to an international conspiracy to defraud suppliers of sham companies he had set up. The losses ran into millions of pounds. The evidence of his involvement was unanswerable, but a minimal basis of plea was negotiated with the prosecution. The prosecution claimed a benefit figure and a realisable asset figure of millions of pounds in the confiscation proceedings. After a contested confiscation hearing, his realisable assets were found to be one hundred pounds.